Payment of expenses
Why reimburse expenses?
Although people give their time freely they should not be out of pocket through their volunteering. If expenses are not available you could have a situation where only people who can afford to volunteer do so. This clearly has implications for equal opportunities.
What can be reimbursed?
- Travel to and from the place of volunteering
- Travel whilst volunteering
- Meals taken whilst volunteering (generally if the volunteer has worked more than 4 hours in one day)
- Postage, phone calls, stationary etc
- Cost of protective clothing
- Care of dependents whilst volunteering*
*Whilst it is good practice to reimburse care expenses it is recognised that not all organisations will have the necessary finances to do this.
Making expense payments
It is very important that only genuine out-of-pocket expenses are paid. You should ask for receipts for your records. Although it might seem easier to pay a lump sum to all volunteers or to round up payments, to do so can lead to a number of problems:
- For tax or benefits calculations the “extra” amount would be seen as a payment
- Regular payments could put the organisation at risk of creating a contract with the volunteer, thus bringing them under employment legislation, including the right to the minimum wage.
Provide a simple form and attach any receipts. Payment in cash is easier as some volunteers will need the money on the day and not everyone has a bank account.
Volunteering from home
Volunteering expenses – volunteering from home
HMRC has guidance on expenses for poeple working from home. This can be used for volunteering expenses as well – to cover phone costs, and utulility costs associated with the volunteering role. As with all expenses, this will need to be shown in any audit
HMRC allows volunteers to use the Approved Mileage Allowance Payment rate (AMAP). For more information and current rates visit Gov.UK website
What if volunteers don't want to claim?
Everyone should be encouraged to claim expenses to avoid a situation where some people feel bad about claiming as not everyone does. Covering their own expenses is seen by some volunteers as an additional way of giving to the organisation. In these circumstances they can be encouraged to claim and then gift back to the organisation. This way you have an accurate record of how much the volunteer programme costs for future budgeting. If volunteers are tax payers then gift aid can also be claimed on their donation.